Glaucoma is a common eye condition where the optic nerve, which connects the eye to the brain, becomes damaged.
It’s usually caused by fluid building up in the front part of the eye, which increases pressure inside the eye.
Glaucoma can lead to loss of vision if it isn’t diagnosed and treated early. It can affect people of all ages but is most common in adults in their 70s and 80s.
Glaucoma is usually picked up during a routine eye test, often before it causes any noticeable symptoms. Other tests are usually needed afterwards to diagnose and monitor the condition. It’s important to have regular eye tests so problems such as glaucoma can be diagnosed and treated as early as possible. Early treatment can help stop your vision becoming severely affected.
You should have an eye test at least every 2 years. If you’re at a higher risk of glaucoma – for example, if you have a close relative with it – you may be advised to have more frequent tests. You can get an eye test at a local opticians. The tests are carried out in the opticians by an optometrist
There are several different treatments for glaucoma, including eye drops, laser treatment and surgery. The surgeon after a full examination will advise the best treatment for you depending on your circumstances. Treatment can’t reverse any loss of vision that has already occurred, but it can help stop your vision getting any worse.